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Кабiнет 45

Англiйська мова
 
Поточний час: 06 лип 2020, 10:24

Часовий пояс: UTC + 2 години




   [ 1 повідомлення ] 
Автор Повідомлення
 Заголовок повідомлення: Самостійне вивчення № 6
ПовідомленняДодано: 13 вер 2014, 09:26 
Адміністратор

Зареєстрований: 17 черв 2014, 17:23
Повідомлення: 652
Самостійне вивчення № 6

Тема: Країна, мова якої вивчається. Демографічні, політичні та економічні дані країни. Іменник : множина.
Мета
:
Ознайомити студентів з новою лексикою, тренувати їх у читанні, виконанні письмового завдання з граматики.

Тривалість 135 хв.

Література:

основна:

1. Горбунова Ю. Г. Курс «Країнознавство. Велика Британія» 10 клас.-Х. 2010;
с 31…35; 51…58
2. Верба Л.Г. Граматика сучасної англійської мови .- К:, 2002 с 122

додаткова:
Інтернет - ресурси




Методичні рекомендації

1. Вивчіть нову лексику.

2. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст “Economic development of Great Britain” та зробіть вправи по тексту.

3. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст, дайте йому назву та зробіть вправи по тексту.

4. Виконайте вправy на утворення множини іменників.



1. Вивчіть нову лексику

source [ˈsɔ:s] – джерело

coal [ˈkoul] – вугілля

basin [ˈbeɪsən] – басейн

equip [ɪˈkwɪp] – устатковувати

demand [dɪˈma:nd] – вимагати, вимога, попит

dairy farming [ˈdeəriː ˈfɑ:mɪŋ] – молочне тваринництво

barley [ˈbɑ:li] – ячмінь

ensure [ɪnˈʃuə] – забезпечувати

maintain [meɪnˈteɪn] – підтримувати

recovery [rɪˈkavəri] – відновлення

sluggish [ˈslʌgɪʃ ]– млявий



2. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст “Economic development of Great Britain” та зробіть вправи по тексту.


Зображення

Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country. Shipbuilding is one of the principal industries of Great Britain. For centuries, Britain has been the leading shipbuilder in the world.

Coal is the main source for the development of British industry. The biggest centers of iron and steel industries are situated in the neighborhood of coal basins. They are Middleborough, Newcastle, Cardiff, Glasgow, and Sheffield. The district around Birmingham is a land of factories and mines.
Coal mining, metallurgy, textile, shipbuilding are the older branches of industry. The new industries are the chemical, electro technical, automobile, aviation and electronics. The new industries have developed hand in hand with science and technology and are equipped to meet present technical demands.

Big cities and towns such as London, Glasgow, Manchester, Liverpool, Newcastle, Sheffield and Birmingham have enterprises of nearly all branches of industry, old and new. The main centers of cotton and woolen industry are Leeds, Bradford and Manchester.

Зображення

Portsmouth

London, Liverpool and Glasgow are the biggest English ports. The products of Britain economy, for example, automobiles, textile, machinery, electronic equipment and many others, are exported to many countries of the world.

Agriculture is one of the largest and most important activities in Great Britain. The greater part of the land here is used for sheep-, cattle-, and dairy farming. Vegetables are grown in all parts of the country. The chief grain crops are wheat and barley.
The UK is the sixth largest economy in the world in 2010. Presently UK’s economy encompasses those of its home nations: Eng-land, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The Isle of Man and the Channel Isles are also considered to be part of the British Isles but have offshore banking statuses.

As a member of the EU, the UK is part of a single market that ensures the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within member states. Nevertheless, the UK still maintains its own economy and has chosen to continue using the Pound Sterling as its national currency rather than converting to the Euro.

Today, the UK economy faces another struggle to recover from the 2008 financial crisis. Presently, the recovery effort has been sluggish. Although global economic prospects appear to be improving, economic forecasts for the UK have been negative.


2. Дайте відповіді на питання.

1. Is Great Britain a highly developed industrial country?

2. What is the main source for the development of British industry?

3. What are the old and new branches of industry of Great Britain?

4. What are the biggest English ports?

5. What products are exported to many countries of the world?

6. What about the agriculture of Great Britain?


2. 2 Доповніть речення.

1. The United Kingdom was ____ country in the world, which became highly industrialized.

a) the last; b) the second; c) the first

2. Until recent times, Britain’s heavy industry was mainly concentrated ____ and in London region.

a) in the centre of England; b) in the south; c) in the north – east.

3.___ are the biggest English ports, from which big liners go to all parts of the world.

а) London, Liverpool and Glasgow; b) Sheffield, Birmingham and Coventry; c) London, Birmingham and Glasgow.

4. In ___ century new branches of industry have appeared: electronics, radio, chemical industry.

a) the 20th ; b) the 18th; c)the 19th.

5. The south of England is often called the ____, because there are many gardens and orchards there.

a) the “Valley of England”; b) the “Garden of England”; c) the Field of England.

3. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст, дайте йому назву та зробіть вправи по тексту.

Great Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch – Queen Elizabeth II – as head of the state.
The political system of Great Britain has three branches: Parliament, which makes laws, the government, which “execute” laws i.e. puts them into effect, and the law courts, which interpret laws. Although the Queen is officially head of all three branches, she has little direct power.

Parliament has two parts: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. Members of the House of Commons are elected by the voters of 650 constituencies. They are known as MPs or Members of Parliament. The Prime Minister, or leader of the Govern-ment, is also an MP and usually the leader of the political party with a majority in the House of Commons.

The Prime Minister is advised by the cabinet of about twenty other ministers. The Cabinet includes the ministers in charge of major government departments of ministries. Members of the House of Lords (peers) are not elected. About 70 per cent of them are “hereditary peers” because their fathers were peers before them. The other 30 per cent are “life peers” whose titles are not passed on to their children. They are officially appointed by the Queen, on the advice of the Government, for various services to the nation.


3. 1 Дайте відповіді на питання.

1. Which three branches does the political system have?

2. Who are MPs? Who elects them?

3. Who is the leader of the Government?

4. Whom does the Cabinet include?

5. Are members of the House of Lords elected? Why?


3. 2 Знайдіть українські еквіваленти до англійських у другій колонці.

А

1. parliamentary

2. branch

3. law

4. court

5. power

6. majority

7. government

8. peer

9. hereditary

10. execute



Б

1. виконувати

2. спадковий

3. закон

4. лорд

5. парламентський

6. гілка

7. більшість

8. суд

9. влада

10. уряд



3. 3. Вставте необхідні слова, дані у дужках. (image, monarchy, government, reigns, Commons, royal)[/b]

1. The United Kingdom is a constitutional ….

2. The monarch … with the support of Parliament.

3. The Queen is very rich as are other members of the … family.

4. The … pays for all her expenses.

5. The Queen’s … appears on stamps, notes and coins. 6. The House of … is presided over by the Speaker.



[b]4. Виконайте вправy на утворення множини іменників.


Зображення

1. Поставте іменники у дужках в однину чи множину.

1. A census (перепис населення) is taken simultaneously in all (part; parts) of the UK every ten (year; years).

2. The Office for National ( Statistic; Statistics) is responsible for collecting (datum; data) for England and Wales, the General Register Office for Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency each being responsible for (census ; censuses) in their respective (country; countries).

3. In the 2011 (census; censuses) the total population of the United Kingdom was 63,181,775.

4.It is the third largest in the European Union, the fifth largest in the Commonwealth and the twenty-first largest in the world. 2010 was the third successive (year; years) in which natural change contributed more to population growth than net long-term interna-tional migration.

5.Between 2001 and 2011 the population increased by an average annual rate of approximately 0.7 per cent.

6.This compares to 0.3 per cent per year in the period 1991 to 2001 and 0.2 per cent in the (decade; decades) 1981 to 1991.

7.The 2011 census also confirmed that the proportion of the population aged 0–14 has nearly halved (31 per cent in 1911 compared to 18 in 2011) and the proportion of older (people; peoples) aged 65 and over has more than trebled (from 5 to 16 per cent).

8. It has been estimate that the number of people aged 100 or over will rise steeply to reach over 626,000 by 2080.
England's (population; populations) in 2011 was found to be 53 million.

9.It is one of the most densely populated (country; count-ries) in the world, with 383 people resident per square (kilometer ; kilometers) in mid-2003, with a particular concentration in Lon-don and the south-east.

10.The 2011 census put Scotland's population at 5.3 million, Wales at 3.06 million and Northern Ireland at 1.81 million.

11.In percentage ( term;terms) England has had the fastest growing population of any (country;countries) of the UK in the period from 2001 to 2011, with an increase of 7.9%.

12.In 2009 the average total fertility rate (TFR) across the UK was 1.94 children per (woman; women).


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