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Кабiнет 45

Англiйська мова
 
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Автор Повідомлення
 Заголовок повідомлення: Заняття № 39
ПовідомленняДодано: 27 груд 2014, 21:26 
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Зареєстрований: 17 черв 2014, 17:23
Повідомлення: 650
Заняття № 39


Тема : Отримання роботи в США. The Past Perfect Tense.

Методичні вказівки:

1. Вивчіть англійські ідіоми та перекладіть речення з ними.

2. Вивчіть нову лексику.

3. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст "Getting a Job in the United States"

4. Дайте відповіді на питання.

5. Знайдіть опис до кожної професії.

6. Вставте в речення назву професії, яка відповідає контексту.

7. Прочитайте та перекладіть поради відносно працевлаштуванню в США.

8. Подивіться гумористичне відео про інтерв'ю перед працевлаштуванням та визначіть що варто а що ні робити під час інтерв'ю.

9. Прочитайте та перекладіть інформацію по безпеці праці в США.

10. Перевірте свої знання з теми "Професії". Із даних у дужках літер складіть слово.

11. Виконайте вправи на вживання Past Perfect Tense.



1. Вивчіть англійські ідіоми та перекладіть речення з ними.

:arrow: come true - здійснюватись, ставати реальністю

:arrow: come what may - будь, що буде (показує рішучість, коли хтось ризикує)

:arrow: commit a blunder - зробити помилку

Зображення

:arrow: cost a bomb - коштує дуже дорого

Зображення

:arrow: cost an arm and a leg - коштує дуже дорого

:arrow: couch potato - особа, котра проводить багато часу перед телевізором, постійно об’їдаючись

Зображення

:arrow: crocodile tears - нещирі сльози, лицемірні емоції

Зображення

:arrow: cross one’s mind - прийти до голови, спало на думку

Зображення

:arrow: cry for the moon - хотіти зірки з неба

Зображення

:arrow: cry over spilt milk - сумувати за невиправним

Зображення

:arrow: cut the apron strings - відірватись від маминої спідниці


Зображення


Перекладіть речення.

1. Everyone wants his dreams would come true some day and it will be as soon as possible!

2. Come what may, I shall send my resume to this company.

3. Sometimes people commit a blunder by being not prepared for job interview.

4. Of course, it’s a very luxury car but I am sure it must cost a bomb!

5. This luxurious ship must have cost her an arm and a leg!

6. A lot of people think that Americans are a nation of typical couch potatoes.

7. Is she trying to deceive us with her crocodile tears?

8. It never crossed his mind that his mother could be a singer.

9. Wanting a Lamborghini is like crying for the moon. When will he grow up?

10. Joe, please stop crying over spilt milk. You must realize that what is done cannot be undone!

11. If your son has not cut the apron strings by now, I think he never will.



2. Вивчіть нову лексику.

Зображення

full-time work — робота з повною занятістю

part-time work — робота з частковою занятістю

benefits [ ˈben.ɪ.fɪts ] — переваги, привілеї

salary [ ˈsæləri ] — зарплата (звичайно службовця)

medical insurance [ ɪnˈʃʊərəns ] — медична страховка

paid vacations — оплачувана відпустка

retirement [ rɪˈtaɪəmənt ] savings plan — достроковий вихід на пенсію

youth [ juːθ ] — молодь

to require — вимагати

guardian [ ˈɡɑː.di.ən ] — опікун

waiter — офіціант

Зображення

coach [ kəʊtʃ ] — тренер (головний)

at least — принаймі

to pay for attending college — платити за навчання (відвідування) у коледжі

extra pocket money — додаткові гроші на кишенькові витрати

wage — зарплата (зазвичай робітникові)

prestigious [prestigious] — престижний

to provide — забезпечувати, постачати

employer[ ɪmˈplɔɪə(r) ] — роботодавець

applicant тут. той, хто влаштовується на роботу, прохач

application — заява

taxes — податки

employee — службовець, який влаштовується на роботу

interview [ ˈɪntəvjuː ] — співбесіда

umpire [ ˈʌm.paɪər ] - суддя

emergency [ iˈmɜːdʒənsi ] — нестандартна ситуація



3. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст "Getting a Job in the United States"

Зображення

There are two types of jobs: full-time and part-time work. A full-time job is usually 35-40 hours a week. A part-time job is 15-28 hours a week.

The difference between them is more than just a matter of how long one works. The difference is in the pay and benefits. Many persons with a full-time job will have a higher salary and be provided with benefits. Benefits such as medical insurance, paid vacations, and maybe even an opportunity to have a retirement savings plan.

Part-time workers do not receive any benefits other than a few days off a year. Many youth in our country begin working from an early age. The law requires young people to be a certain age, before they may begin work.

However, most may work at the age of fourteen, with a worker’s permit or permission from his parents or guardian. Students usually have part-time jobs in fast food restaurants such as McDonald’s, Burger King, etc. Many young men and women work in pizza places and ice cream shops as waiters. Some students work at sports events as coaches, referees, umpires, or scorekeepers.

Зображення

Fast food workers are usually required to work at least 15-17 hours a week. The same goes for any part-time work.

Some students work to pay for attending college or university, others like having extra pocket money, or are saving to buy something.

:?: How much money can a young person make? However, the minimum wage in California and New York is around 6 or 7 dollars an hour because the costs of living in those states are much higher. But the average McDonald’s worker in Georgia will make minimum wage, $5.65 per hour.

:!: If a student in America wants to find a job, he or she will find it. The job may not be prestigious or even enjoyable, but there is work to be found.

Generally, the difference between our youth and American one in the area of employment lies in job availability an salary. Americans have the opportunity to work — there are more places for young people to work and payment is higher.

American youth needs to work. Saving money for college, university, or technical schools is necessary. Costs run from 5,000-20,000 dollars a year, and the average American family cannot provide this much money every year for four years. One can assume that most university students work one, two or even three jobs during their time at university.

:arrow: Most employers expect their applicants to have previous experience. In order to obtain a job, one must fill out ah application. An application requires necessary information for taxes. The employer usually requests recommendations. It is now also standard practice for many employers to ask employees to take drug tests before they can get a job.

:arrow: After an application has been reviewed, the employer may call the prospective employee in for an interview. The employer will ask questions about what to do in an emergency, what to do with angry customers, and other relative scenarios.

:arrow: Work experience is necessary for most college or university graduates. Thus, American youth must work during college or university in order to get a good job later on or to pay for attending a college or university.



4. Дайте відповіді на питання.

1. How much time does it take to work a full-time work T

2. How much time does it take to work a part-time work veekly?

3. What benefits might full-time workers obtain?

4. What benefits might part-time workers obtain?

5. What age should people reach to obtain a job?

6. What should young people have when they try to em ploy at the age of fourteen or fi*feen?

7. How much money can a young person make per hour in California and New York?

8 How much are usually fast food workers required to work?

9. Why should students work?

10. What is the difference between our youth and Ameri¬can one?

11. How much does it cost to attend a university or college in the USA?

12. What do most employers expect from their applicants?

13. What do most employers usually request?

14. Why is work experience necessary for most college or university graduates in the USA?



5. Знайдіть опис до кожної професії.

А

1. Scientist -

2. Secretary -

3. Shop assistant -

Зображення

4. Soldier -

5. Tailor -

6. Taxi driver -

7. Teacher -

Зображення

Б


1. a person who works for the army.

2. a person that works in the science industry. They do many experiments.

3. a person that makes clothes for others, many times producing exclusive items of clothing.

4. a person that works in a shop or store selling products.

5. a person that passes knowledge to students, usually at school.

6. a person who drives a taxi.

7. a person employed in an office who types letters, keeps records etc.




6. Вставте в речення назву професії, яка відповідає контексту.

Зображення physiotherapist

Зображення vet

Зображення plumber

Зображення firefighter/fireman

1. When you've got toothache, you have to go to the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser).

2. The man who puts your letters in your letter box is the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) .

3. When a house is on fire, the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) intervene.

4. When the fuses go out, you have to call the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) .

5. To get a haircut, you go to the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) 's.

6. When there is a water leak, you have to call the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) .

7. When someone is accused of a murder, he will be offered a (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) in order to defend himself.

8. When you've got a backache, you can go to the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) 's.

9. If your pet is sick, take it to the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) 's.

10. At the restaurant, the (dentist; plumber; postman; fireman; physiotherapist; waiter; vet; lawyer; electrician; hairdresser) takes our order. And we are served a while later.




7. Прочитайте та перекладіть поради відносно працевлаштуванню в США.


Work in USA

The USA is the most strongest and powerful economy of the world. The citizens of the United States enjoy the best facilities to live and work.

To most Americans, work is a necessary chore. According to a recent poll, Americans work longer hours and have 36% less leisure time today than they had 15 years ago, so they value the time away from their jobs.

It attracts many students or people to live and work in USA. Getting an opportunity to live & work in USA is like a dream come true. People across the world apply for permanent immigration status (постійний імміграційний статус) (or a Green Card) each year.

Зображення

Several benefits & added advantages of United States Green Card draw people. The colleges and universities of the USA allow their students to study and work in USA. They help their students to work on campus while studying in a course. American colleges and universities offer a limited number of paid internships (оплачувані стажування).

:arrow: If you want to be paid for your practicum, be sure to tell your college or university when you apply for admission to the program.

:arrow: If possible, the institute will place you in a field which matches your career interest. You should be open-minded (неупереджений) about what type of work you will be doing.

Зображення

There are several works in USA for international students. They have to take help from their college or university to get work in USA while pursuing a course (курс навчання) .

:arrow: You should think a lot to live and work in USA.

:arrow: You should have to collect information about how to work in USA and the USA Work Visa requirements.

At first you have to look for a place to live in USA. Finding the right place to live & work may take some time. Housing costs differ greatly across USA and depend on location & type of home.

:arrow: Where you choose to live will influence your professional prospects, job opportunities & salary.

:arrow: To work in USA you have to get USA work visa (Green Card). You will have to fullfill the requirements (виконувати вимоги) for getting USA work visa.

The requirements for USA work visa are mentioned below:

:arrow: Satisfy (переконувати) that you would leave the USA upon completion of your employment in the USA.

:arrow: Be a law abiding & with no criminal track record.

:arrow: Proof of Police Clearance certificate would be necessary.

:arrow: Not be a risk to the security of the USA.

:arrow: Be in good health after submitting completed medical examination report.

:arrow: Produce any additional documents as required by the authorities.


Зображення




Заповніть анкету on-line

JOB APPLICATION TO WORK IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Зображення

Зображення http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/findwork.htm



8. Подивіться гумористичне відео про інтерв'ю перед працевлаштуванням та визначіть що варто а що ні робити під час інтерв'ю.


The Origin of Job Interviews

Зображення http://www.biqle.com/watch/17022775_162382983


:?: Can you tell me about the company? (Wrong. You should do company research before the interview.)

:?: Will I be required to work overtime? (Wrong. The Hiring Manager may think that you won’t be enthusiastic about working long hours.)

:?: What kind of people seem to succeed in the company? (Right. You want to be successful.)

:?: What is the company’s policy on promotion? (Right. You are ready to work hard to be promoted.)

:?: How long is the interview? I have some place I need to be after. (Wrong. You are not organized.)

:?: What are the unique talents of the current employees? (Right. You are interested in the human resources policy of the company.)

:?: What do you see are the key goals for the company during the next year? (Right. You are interested in the company plans.)

:?: Do you offer free parking? (Wrong. You should ask this question in later interviews. The initial interview is not the place to discuss such questions.)

:?: How long is my lunch break? (Wrong. You should be interested in your professional duties. The manager may think that you are not ready for working hard.)

:?: What current challenges are associated with my position? (Note the use of my as if you’ve already been given the job). (Right. You are interested in your professional duties.)

:?: Who will be part of my team? (Right. You are a team player.)

:?: What type of health insurance do you offer? (Wrong. You should ask this question in later interviews. The initial interview is not the place to discuss such questions.)



9. Прочитайте та перекладіть інформацію по безпеці праці в США.



:arrow: "No one should have to sacrifice their life (пожертвувати своїм життям) for their livelihood (засоби для існування), because a nation built on the dignity of work must provide safe working conditions for its people."
(Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez)

Before OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration- Управління з охорони праці) was created 43 years ago, an estimated 14,000 workers were killed on the job every year. Today, workplaces are much safer and healthier, going from 38 fatal injuries a day to 12. (4,405 workers died on the job in 2013.) But there is still much work to be done.



Зображенняhttps://www.osha.gov/images/hard_hat_banner.jpg

:arrow: Employers must report these incidents to OSHA within eight hours. The summaries in the table record the name and address of the worker’s employer, the date of the fatality or catastrophe and a brief description. These summaries include only preliminary information, as reported to OSHA Area Offices or to states that operate OSHA-approved State Plans. OSHA investigates all work-related fatalities catastrophes in all covered workplaces.


Workers' Memorial Day - April 28

Workers' Memorial Day is observed every year on April 28. It is a day to honor those workers who have died on the job, to acknowledge the grievous suffering (тяжкі страждання) experienced by families and communities, and to recommit ourselves to the fight for safe and healthful workplaces for all workers. It is also the day OSHA was established in 1971.

:arrow: Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their workers. OSHA's role is to ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance.




Workers' Memorial Day April 28, 2014

Зображення https://www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker_memorial_2014.html



10. Перевірте свої знання з теми "Професії". Із даних у дужках літер складіть слово.


1. This man is a Зображення ( N I P R A T E) . He is currently painting my house.

2. This is my father's Зображення ( E A H C N I M C) .

3. This is my mother'sЗображення ( R I H R S A R D E S E) .

4. The Зображення ( P T A N M S O) has brought the letters.

5. This Зображення ( I A N E L M P O C) has just given you a fine.

6. The Зображення ( K O C O) has prepared a meal for my sister's birthday.

7. This man examines the remains of buildings and objects in the ground. He is an Зображення ( O C R O I E L H T A G A S) .

8. He works in this restaurant. He is a Зображення ( I R E A T W) .

9. He built my house. He is a Зображення ( E R D L I B U) .

10. He makes things out of iron. He is a Зображення ( I H S T M) .



[b]11. Виконайте вправи на вживання Past Perfect Tense.


Зображення
[/b]
Зображення


Вправа 1. Поставте дієслово у потрібну форму.


1. Before we arrived at school the classes (start) .

2. I felt exhausted because I (run) ten miles.

3. He (study) that book before he arrived in Pakistan.

4. He (sell) all the copies of the thesaurus before we got there.

5. We went to his place for dinner but to our great surprise he (have) his dinner.

6. When I got up , rather late, the sun (rise)

7. Before we got there they (begin) the show.

8. He (finish) his work before I began mine.

9. It (begin) to rain when I stepped out of the house.

10. Soon after they (complete) their homework they ran out to play with the dog.


Вправа 2. Перекладіть речення англійською.


1. Він сказав, що усюди шукав книгу.

2. Він знав, що зробив помилку.

3. Він був хорошим студентом раніше.

4. Ми знали, що професія поліцейського дуже небезпечна.


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